“Though music transcends language, culture and time, and though notes are the same, Indian music is unique because it is evolved, sophisticated and melodies are defined.”- Dayanand Saraswati
Music is a medicine that has the power to heal’. This quote expresses that music is a therapy that has the ability to calm down if one is in pain, to elevate the mood if one is depressed, and to enhance the efficiency if one is pressurized. It can cure anyone and everyone and restores mental health. It lightens up one from the burdens of crusted layers of fear and anxiety, allows seeing the purest form within, and gives the power to connect to the divinity. No doubt, music is a meditation and can harness nature.
India’s third brilliant heritage, Indian music, has flourished since its advent marked by Indian legendaries, such as Mirabai, Kabir, Tulsidas, and many more. They truly gave Indians the music for their soul and made us feel proud and relish the popularity achieved through it globally. Many historical eras with these legendaries have come and gone, however; the memories of the types of music came with each era have never seemed to have faded away in people of then and now, no matter, far or near.
So, let us tune in to know various types of Indian music and how it is benefitting people of all ages from over a period of time.
Classical and Light-Classical:
Hindustani and Carnatic music are the two traditions of classical Indian music that have been preserved and passed on to future generation by ‘shishya parampara’. They are similar as they both have roots in Natya Shastras and Sam Vedas. However, there are differences in these two styles of Indian music. Hindustani music or Indian music is prevalent in North India whereas Carnatic music is predominant in South. While ‘raga (alapanas)’ is important in the former form of music, ‘charanas (stanzas)’ is the main point of focus in the latter. Besides classical form, there is a light-classical form of music that has focuses more on ‘qawwali’ and ‘ghazal’ to name a few.
Indian folk music is as diverse as the number of ethnic groups and cultures you would find here. The folk music list includes music of Bengal, Bihu of Assam, Uttarakhandi music, Maharashtrian Lavani, Punjabi bhangra, and many more.
Filmi and Indian-Pop Music:
While filmi Indian music is motivated by western music and Indian melodies and folk songs, the Indi-pop music, remixes the old filmi songs, folk songs, or both with new beats.
Patriotic Indian Music:
Patriotic Indian music includes the national anthem of India, ‘Jana Gana Mana’, and the post-independence songs, such as ‘mile sur mera tumhara’, and many more.
All types of Indian music shared above are not just limited to the numbers shown here. The list is huge, however; what a melodious sound can do to heal cannot be achieved through any other form or medium. Indian Music is known to have the immense power to purify and transform negative energies into positive ones. It has been used widely by ancient Greeks and Hindus to treat psychological ailments. The first person who used music as a therapy was Asclepius. Not just on adults, the effect of music has also worked on babies. They clearly cannot understand the lyrics but the melodious tune of the music can help them fall asleep. Besides its therapeutic effects, music is used in gyms for aerobic exercises and meditation. Awareness to use music for treating patients who need palliative care should be spread more and more for improving one’s clinical conditions which are only limited to fewer patients as of now.